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What’s the difference between a lineal foot, board foot, running foot, and a square foot?

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tape measureLineal Foot – A lineal foot one is 1 foot in length or 12 inches. It is a measurement of a straight line.

 

 

Board Foot – is actually a measurement of volume. A board foot is one square foot, one inch thick. To calculate board foot = width in inches x length in feet x thickness in inches.

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Running Foot – is used in woodworking and means the same as a lineal foot. Refers to a one-dimensional measurement of length.

 

 

Square Foot – Is a unit of area in the imperial measurement system. A square measurement is the 2-dimensional derivative of a lineal measurement, so a square foot is defined as the area of a square with sides 1 foot in length.

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Choosing Gate Hardware – What to look for.

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08/12/2017

There are a few things to factor in when choosing your gate hardware; whether you are wanting to go for a simple functionality or an architectural element. Next would be choosing your hinges. When picking your hinges; a good rule of thumb to follow would be that 1/3 of your gate should be hinged. As an example, if you have a gate that is 36″ wide, you will need 12″ hinges to support the weight of it and to prevent sagging. Another rule of thumb would be when measuring out your gate always remember to take a 1/2″ off each side to ensure you will have enough room when attaching your hinges as well as seasonal changes which may cause the wood to shrink or expand.

Also another thing to consider would be the longevity of your hardware, especially if you have exposure to salt water/air you will be needing something that is either galvanized, powder coated, or stainless steel to protect it from the elements. Here are some options for picking out gate hardware:

  • Hinges; want them visible or hidden
  • Butt hinge or strap hinge
  • Handle or no handle
  • Needing a lock?
  • Ring handle vs. thumb latch
  • Hammered metal or smooth metal
  • Antique or modern

**All our gate hardware is available to check out on our website under Our Products then Hardware.

Vancouver Island Western Red Cedar

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Vancouver Island Western Red Cedar is used for its sustainability and longevity. Being that it is naturally rot resistant, makes it desirable to be used in our fence panels and many other applications. Along with it being pitch and resin free, makes it unlike other species. Red cedar contains thujic acid which is a crystalline unsaturated acid found in the heartwood of the cedar that helps against insect attacks. It’s got a low shrinkage rate, durable, light in weight, and is very fibrous; making it ideal for staining. Western Red  Cedar has fine grain and a beautiful texture and although it is graded by the National Lumber Grade Authority it is usually graded by its appearance. The grade we use mostly is select tight knot; which basically means the knots in the wood are tight and sound, giving it the beautiful texture and appearance we strive for. The grade clear is virtually how it sounds; clear of knots (or small pin knots) with beautiful grain. Our fence boards are a standard and better which means; when produced, select tight knot is not taken out which allows us to deliver a higher quality product. We re-manufacture raw logs into select tight knot, clear, standard & better, and pallet grade yielding as much product out of each piece of wood, which increases our value adding.

Cloverdale Sunfast Weather-Wise Western Red Cedar

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Weatherwise Western Red

When Cloverdale approached us to create a colour to best represent Vancouver Island we jumped at the chance and it did not take long for our skilled team to come up with Weatherwise Western Red. This is a rich cedar colour with an emphasis on the browns.

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Since it’s conception it has become quite popular both for the custom colour and for the quality of the stain. It isn’t uncommon to have customers directed here just for our colour. Many employees often use it for their fences and other projects.

Why should you use GRK Fasteners?

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Screw soph's picGRK Fasteners is a brand we have been selling in the Weatherwise Cedar Products store for only a short while, but we are extremely fond of the quality and structural capabilities of their products. They are designed for doing a job efficiently with very few if any complications.

At the bottom of the screw is the Zip-Tip, which creates no need for pre-drilling, and allows for faster penetration. The W-Cut on the bottom part of the screw acts like a saw, creating a smoother drive with low torque. Close to the top of the screw you will find the Cee Thread. This part of the screw enlarges the hole which reduces the chance of splitting. The Recessed Star Drive on the screw head allows for zero chance of splitting to occur because of the six contact points. The Washer Head creates greater holding power. Reverse thread on some of the job-specific screws prevents mushrooming from occurring.

The many great aspects of these screws allow for twice as many GRK screws to be used per battery life of a screwdriver. All GRK screws have been evaluated for structural values with IBC/IRC specification. They are AC257 code approved for resistance to corrosion because of the Climatek coating used to further extend the quality of these screws. You can feel confident using these screws thanks to the limited Lifetime Warranty that comes with them. With a complete line of fasteners for many different applications and a very large size range, you can’t go wrong choosing one of GRK Fastener’s products.

 

Buyers Guide to Fencing: What do you need to look out for?

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The majority of customers shop around when looking for products for their home. Your home is the biggest investment you will ever make and you want it to last and look beautiful for many years. This article is intended to help you understand and search for the best fence panel for your project. It’s our belief that a well-educated customer makes for a more satisfied customer and a better end result. We will explain some of the features of our fence panels and differences you may wish to consider while researching other manufactures.

Just like in any industry, there’s a lot of things to be mindful of that reduce both the cost and quality of a panel. In order to keep price down some manufacturers will use pressure treated hemlock or fir as the frame of the panel. This can lead to twisting as they dry out. Pressure treated woods are often white woods (spruce, pine, fir, and hemlock). These species are generally less stable than cedar and may be more susceptible to cracking, warping, and shrinkage.

Other manufactured panels may use shorter boards in their panels than they advertise. A lot of diagonal lattice topped panels may be 3” to 6” shorter than the indicated 6′. For solid panels, they are often 6” shorter than the indicated 6′. These are commonly referred to as nominal height panels. These panels are made with less wood and therefore have a reduced cost. If the height of a panel is a concern to you for reasons like privacy, then full height panels like ours will achieve your needs.

Another difference is what the body of the panel is made out of, which is usually either Tongue and Grove (T&G), regular fence boards, or channel. T&G has a habit of gapping since it is generally milled with a 3/8” or less overlap. This often results in gapping and splitting as a result of being more susceptible to moisture based damage. Regular fence boards are what you commonly see around on both stick built fences and standard grade prefabricated panels also known as Contractor Grade. The main downside for these boards is the gapping which occurs due to moisture seasonally expanding and shrinking the wood. Our Premium panels are made out of channel, which we consider to the be the most durable product. Channel gives you the advantage of an increased overlap that T&G does not offer. As seasonal gapping occurs with T&G and regular fence boards, the channel’s overlap prevents the gaps from forming. If you like the look of T&G, the back side of the channel fence panels have the same look.

Another common difference in the fence panel construction is the framing. We use a 1”x2” sandwiched frame. We consider this to be the strongest option. After 25+ years of fence panel construction, our design has continued to perform greatly for us and our customers. We also make a 2”x4” framed fence panel for those people that want a larger chunkier look. People often believe that heavier panels indicate higher quality and strength, but this is not the case due to the way the panels are constructed. Lighter panels are more durable and have less issues with deformation.

Our 1”x2” Premium Panels are lighter and stronger than other types of framed panels. The nailing pattern eliminates the potential cracking of the panels due to the forces of nature. Our Premium Solid panels come with the added strength of a 1”x4” mid brace, supporting the boards across the entire length of the panel and preventing the boards from warping. Other retailers may sell a variety of other panels that can appear to be the same as ours, but they may be constructed differently. Be sure to ask plenty of questions about the construction of the panels when you are trying to find what panel works best for you.

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Western Red Cedar vs. Yellow Cedar

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Both Western Red Cedar and Yellow Cedar are exceptionally durable and weather resistant. After being sustainably harvested they have very pleasant aromas, and are very commercially valuable. Although Western Red Cedar has the longest life span of any tree in British Columbia, the Yellow Cedar is also known for its longevity. Both woods are filled with natural preservatives called tannins, giving them great durability. These natural preservatives repel against moisture, insects, and decay.

Red CedarWestern Red Cedar is a softer and more lightweight wood than Yellow Cedar. It’s more tonal, being known for it’s warm colour and dark, rich heartwood. It is commonly used in log homes because of the flare at the bottom of the trunk, and the fact that it’s a great thermal insulator. Western Red Cedar is excellent at absorbing stain since it is a softwood and is also pitch and resin free, so it works great both internally and externally. The most common uses are decking, fences, posts, and beams.

Yellow Cedar good oneYellow Cedar which has many different names such as Alaskan Yellow Cedar and Sitka Cypress is a much harder wood than Western Red Cedar. It’s actually a Cypress tree and not a Cedar. It’s used for building aspects where strength and durability are key factors. It usually grows at high altitudes, causing fine grain with tight growth rings. It takes nails and screws without splitting, and very rarely twists. Since the wood is harder and filled with tannins, it’s not as absorbent with stain. Boat building, bridges, and stairs are common uses for this type of wood since it’s so dense and strong. Yellow Cedar is harvested in much smaller quantities than Western Red Cedar.

 

Cedar vs. SPF. What’s the difference?

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The difference between Cedar and SPF goes far beyond the price tag. First of all, SPF stands for Spruce Pine Fir, which indicates a mix of the wood types. Cedar is well known to be the most durable wood on the market, being the most successful at surviving harsh climates and weathering. Cedar is a soft wood, so when staining it is highly absorbent which allows the stain to seep into the wood and further protect it. A lot of people joke around when it comes to painting cedar. They might ask, “What’s the point in paying such a price for cedar when you’re just going to cover it up anyways?”. Even though the wood is covered up, cedar has to ability to withstand different weather conditions and also time. SPF is probably the most common wood used in the building industry, but with the lower price comes more upkeep and less quality. When used externally, SPF is often pressure treated to protect it, but cedar has naturally occurring preservatives called tannins that help to maintain the quality of the wood. SPF is commonly used because of the lower price and the fact that it’s more readily available than cedar.

Nothing compares to the aesthetically pleasing appearance and scent of real cedar, due to the rich tonal properties and oils within the wood. Cedar also comes from the most sustainably sourced forests. Cedar can come with many different properties, ranging from clear with perfectly straight and tight grain, to wider grain filled with the character of knots and texture.

Cedar Lumber Half Pic       Image result for spf lumber

Cedar Lumber                                                                           SPF Lumber

Why do some nails/screws bleed in cedar? How do you avoid it?

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Cedar wood has naturally occurring chemical extractives, and because of these chemicals cedar is very durable and weather resistant. Unfortunately these chemicals dissolve quite easily in water. Stains around nails or screws are caused by a reaction between the iron in the nails or screws and the chemical extractives from the cedar.Image result for nail stains in cedar

When painting cedar, it is crucial to use a primer so water isn’t given the opportunity to enter the cedar and break down the chemicals. Since you don’t use a primer when staining, it is highly recommended to use hot-dipped galvanized or stainless steel (if they have the right chromium concentration) nails/screws. When painting cedar you should use these nails/screws also. These nails and screws do not have the same reaction with the chemical extractives that iron or regular galvanized nails/screws do.

What’s the difference between stain and paint? How does it change the look?

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When first opening a can of stain or paint, the noticeable difference between the two is that stain has a thinner consistency. When applied to a piece of wood, the stain soaks into the wood whereas the paint sits on the surface. The main similarity between stain and paint is that they both provide protection, while adding colour to the wood. A few advantages of stain are that it usually does not require as many coats, it usually has a faster drying time, and it has a natural look. When used for decking, stain does better with foot traffic than paint does. Staining can sometimes require more coats than painting if the wood is highly absorbent. Be sure to follow directions as over-coating can result in peeling, improper curing, and a much longer drying time.

Staining a surface changes the colour of the wood, while still allowing natural components of the wood such a knots and colour changes to show through. Solid stain can be used to cover knots etc; hiding the natural components in the way that a paint does, while also soaking into the wood. Painting a surface conceals the natural components of the wood. Stain gives a matte look, whereas paint can come in different sheens, from matte to high gloss.

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                   Stained Wood                                                                 Painted Wood